sutra 3.13: a world of change

Sutra 3.13: etena bhuta indriyasau dharma laksana avastha parinamah vyakhyatah In this way, the change in the characteristics, state, and condition of objects and the senses is explained. Translation by Edwin Bryant Every now and then, the sutras reach out into the regular world and say, hey, this is how yoga helps us understand everything…

sutra 3.12: unchanging focus

Sutra 3.12: tatah punah shanta-uditau tulya-pratyayau chittasya ekagrata-parinimah In that regard, the attainment of one-pointedness occurs when the image in the mind that has just passed is the same as the image in the mind that is present. Translation by Edwin Bryant In order to move into samadhi, one-pointed focus needs to be steady. When…

sutra 3.10: yoga begets yoga

Sutra 3.10: tasya prashanta vahita samskarat The mind’s undisturbed flow occurs due to samskaras. Translation by Edwin Bryant Last week, I shared a bit of my own development of restricting samskaras (patterns, habits). All of the things I mentioned –time of practice, daily asana, daily meditation– and many more aspects within them are all tools…

sutra 3.11: get focused

Sutra 3.11: sarvarathata ekagrata ksaya udaya chittasya samadhi-parinamah The attainment of the samadhi state involves the elimination of all-pointedness [i.e., wandering] of the mind and the rise of one-pointedness [i.e., concentration]. Translation by Edwin Bryant Like most children, I took an interest in what my mom did in the kitchen. Mind you, this education through…

sutra 3.9: how habits change

Sutra 3.9: vyutthana nirodhah samskara abhibhava pradurbhavau nirodhah ksana chitta anvayah nirodhah-parinamah The state of restraint, nirodha, is when there is disappearance of outgoing [i.e., worldly] samskaras and the appearance of restratining samskaras. These emerge in the mind at the moment of restratint. Translation by Edwin Bryant What does it take to become a yogi?…

sutra 3.8: innermost

Sutra 3.8: tad-api bahir-angam nirbijasya But even these three are external to that enlightenment in which the very seed of duality ceases to exist. Translation and interpretation by Swami Venkatesananda Let’s say consciousness is fundamental. Let’s say that consciousness is common to all of us, and may be universal to all beings and things. Let’s…

sutra 3.7: less of this world

Sutra 3.7: trayam antar angam purvebhyah These three are inner spiritual practices compared to the other five already described – viz., discipline, observances, posture, exercise of the life-force, and introversion of attention. Translation and interpretation by Swami Venkatesananda The process of yoga takes us from an experience of the world shaped by boundaries and identities…

sutra 3.6: eureka, then what?

Sutra 3.6: tasya bhumisu viniyogah This vision (or the eye of intuition, or the eye of wisdom, or the inner light) can be directed to many fields of observation. Translation and interpretation by Swami Venkatesananda It is to be used to discover higher and higher planes of being. Translation by Kofi Busia Its progression is gradual.…

sutra 3.5: eureka

Sutra 3.5: tad jayat prajna lokah When such inner discipline is mastered, there arises the vision that is wisdom. Translation and interpretation by Swami Venkatesananda Through mastery of that [practice of constraint] [there ensues] the flashing-forth of transcendental-insight. Translation by Georg Feuerstein. Samyama is a process of bringing “eureka!” moments, both big and small, into your…

sutras 3.4: yoga in your life

Sutra 3.4: trayam ekatra samyama When these three happen together, there is perfect inner discipline. This can happen during what is commonly known as the practice of meditation, and during any other form of physical or mental activity. Translation and interpretation by Swami Venkatesananda Samadhi is defined as meditative absorption (Feuerstein), illumination through pure choiceless awareness…